Cancer is when abnormal cells divide in an uncontrolled way. Some cancers may eventually spread into other tissues. There are more than 200 different types of cancer and 1 in 2 people in the UK will get cancer in their lifetime.
Between 2001 and 2015 the number of new malignant cancer cases diagnosed annually in Herefordshire has increased steadily; the local 2015 age standardised incidence rate of 632 per 100,000 was greater than the national figure of 548 per 100,000. Similarly, prevalence has increased locally and in 2016/17 was 3.4%, a figure significantly higher than that reported nationally (2.6%). In 2015, there were 557 cancer specific deaths in Herefordshire. Those living in the most deprived areas of Herefordshire are 22% more likely to die prematurely (under 75 years of age) of cancer.
However, between 1995 and 2015 the cancer mortality rate in Herefordshire fell from 304 per to 263 per 100,000 of population and the local rate was consistently less than both the national and regional rates. The most common causes of cancer-related deaths in Herefordshire were lung, urological and upper and lower gastro-intestinal cancers. In 2016/17 cancer prevalence in Herefordshire GP practices ranged between 2.0% and 4.8%. The highest prevalence (3.9%) was recorded in East Locality and the lowest (2.9%) in City Locality.
 ‘What is cancer?’, Cancer Research UK.