English Indices of Deprivation 2019
Friday 25 October 2019 4.58am
The English Indices of Deprivation 2019 (IoD2019) were released at the end of September, replacing those from 2015. They give an indication of how deprived a local area is compared to all other areas of England based on seven different types, or domains, of deprivation: income, employment, education and skills, health, crime, housing and services, and living environment.
The information from the different domains is combined into one overall measure of ‘multiple’ deprivation (IMD2019). The indices are an important dataset, used to understand inequalities within Herefordshire and as evidence to attract funding to particular areas. The contribution of each of the seven domains to the IMD2019 is shown below.
Overall, 11 of the 116 ‘lower super output areas’ (LSOAs) in Herefordshire are in the most deprived 25% across England. They are the same areas as in 2015, with the exception of Courtyard in Hereford, which is now relatively less deprived. The most deprived areas across the county are in the south of Hereford city and in Leominster, Ross-on-Wye and Bromyard.
As in 2010 and 2015, the ‘Golden Post – Newton Farm’ area in south Hereford is the most deprived area of the county, and is the only area of the county within the 10% most deprived in England.
At the other end of the scale 12 local areas are in the least deprived 25% across England, including all nine identified as such in 2015. The least deprived areas of the county are located north of the river within Hereford and in rural areas surrounding the city, in Ross-on-Wye, and Ledbury.
The indoor living environment, as defined by condition of housing and the availability of central heating, is Herefordshire’s biggest type of deprivation. Across the county seven out of every ten areas are in the 25% most deprived in England compared to two thirds in 2015.
Physical distance from services and facilities such as a GP, school, post office or shop presents a problem in rural areas such as Herefordshire. In relation to these factors almost half of the county’s areas are amongst the 10% most deprived in England.
According to the income domain, across Herefordshire 12% of under 16s and 11% of people aged 60+ live in income deprived households. Although these countywide figures are lower than the average proportions for England as a whole (16 and 17% respectively), in some areas of south Hereford and Leominster as many as 30% of children and 32% of older people live in deprived households.
The data for Herefordshire are available for download in the Domain scores for Herefordshire 2019.
We will be updating the Understanding Herefordshire website with more detailed analysis in November – please subscribe to our Latest News to stay up-to-date, or contact Chris Nikitik, Intelligence Analyst for further details.