People born in the most deprived 10% of areas in Herefordshire have a shorter life expectancy at birth than those living in the least deprived 10% cent by an average of 3.9 years for males and an average of 2.6 years for females. However, this gap is one of the smallest among counties with a similar level of overall deprivation to Herefordshire.
Those living in the most deprived areas are 33% more likely to die of cancer; 60% more likely to die of coronary heart disease and over twice as likely to die prematurely (under 75 years) of cerebrovascular disease and 65% more likely to die of chronic lower respiratory disease than those in the least deprived areas. Residents of the most deprived areas of Herefordshire are approximately a third more likely to die as a result of suicide than the county population in general.
Adults (35+ years) residing in the most deprived areas are a third more likely to be admitted to hospital as a consequence of their smoking than the population of Herefordshire overall, and smoking related mortality rates are over 40% higher among the most deprived population quartile than in the County overall.
Health deprivation and disability is one of the domains that makes up the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015).
13 LSOAs in the county are among the 25% most deprived in England in terms of Health and Disability1. This is almost twice as many that were in the top 25% in 2010.
The largest concentration of health deprivation is in south Hereford, plus pockets in north of the city and all market towns except Ledbury
‘Golden Post-Newton Farm’ in south Hereford is one of the 10% most health deprived LSOAs in England.
Kington has seen a big increase in relative levels of health deprivation.
There are 39 LSOAs that are among the 25% least deprived in England. Most of these are scattered around the rural parts of the county.
The health deprivation and disability domain of the ID 2015 is made up of the following indicators:
- Years of potential life lost: an age and sex standardised measure of premature death
- Comparative illness and disability ratio: an age and sex standardised morbidity/disability ratio
- Acute morbidity: an age and sex standardised rate of emergency admission to hospital
- Mood and anxiety disorders: a composite based on the rate of adults suffering from mood and anxiety disorders, hospital episodes data, suicide mortality data and health benefits data
Figure 1: Maps showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived in England according to the health and disability domain of the Indices of Deprivation 2015.
Source: Department of Communities and Local Government
1 Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are fixed statistical geographies of about 1,500 people designed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). For more information please see the useful definitions page.