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Geographical barriers to services sub-domain

Geographical Barriers to Services is a sub-domain of the Barriers to Housing and Services domain, which is one of the domains that make up the Index of Multiple Deprivation 2015 (IMD 2015).

Key points

Physical distance from services and facilities such as a GP, school, post office or shop presents a problem in rural areas such as Herefordshire. 55 LSOAs in the county (almost half) are amongst the 10% most deprived in England1.

In contrast there are just eight LSOAs that are among the 25% least deprived in England, located in the central areas of some of the market towns and the city.

The Geographical Barriers to Services sub-domain relates to the physical proximity of local services and is made up of the following indicators –

  • Road distance to a post office: A measure of the mean distance to the closest post office for people living in the Lower-layer Super Output Area
  • Road distance to a primary school: A measure of the mean distance to the closest primary school for people living in the Lower-layer Super Output Area
  • Road distance to a general store or supermarket: A measure of the mean distance to the closest supermarket or general store for people living in the Lower-layer Super Output Area
  • Road distance to a GP surgery: A measure of the mean distance to the closest GP surgery for people living in the Lower-layer Super Output Area

Figure 1:  Map showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived in England according to the Geographical Barriers to Services sub-domain of the IMD 2015

Map showing the areas of Herefordshire that are amongst the most deprived in England according to the Geographical Barriers to Services sub-domain of the IMD 2015

Source: Department of Communities and Local Government

1Lower Super Output Areas (LSOAs) are fixed statistical geographies of about 1,500 people designed by the Office for National Statistics (ONS). For more information please see the useful definitions page.